Area Information


The first native settlers in the area were the Mound Builders or Adena people. During the 1600s, the Iroquois Confederacy (then the Mohawk, Onondaga, Cayuga, Oneida and Seneca tribes) drove the Hurons from the state and used it primarily as a hunting ground.

The Delaware, Mingo and Shawnee Indians later sided with the French during the French and Indian War. The Iroquois Confederacy officially remained neutral, but many in the Iroquois Confederacy allied with the French. Jacob Bush is believed to be the first English settler in the county.

Sand Fork was incorporated in 1903 as Layopolis, named for William R. Lay, an employee of the Eureka Pipe Line Company, which operated in oil fields in the area.

Prior to 1983, the town was known as Layopolis, while its post office was known as Sand Fork. The town's name was changed to Sand Fork by the results of an election in 1983.

Gilmer County was formed in 1845 from parts of Lewis and Kanawha counties. It was named after Thomas Walker Gilmer, the governor of Virginia. During the Civil War, Gilmer County's government basically ceased to function as various para-military groups roamed the area. Although there was some northern support in the county, many of its residents sided with the Confederacy.

The area climate in summer is warm with temperatures usually in the 70s. It is very cold during winter with temperatures generally in the 30s. The warmest month of the year is July with an average maximum temperature of 83.3 degrees. The coldest month is January with an average minimum temperature of 20.4 degrees. The annual average precipitation is 45.3 inches. Rainfall is fairly evenly distributed throughout the year. The wettest month of the year is July with an average rainfall of 4.9 inches.


Gilmer County features 10 nationally registered historic landmarks. These include the Whiting House, Cedarville School, Job's Temple, the Pisgah Church, the Little Kanawha Valley Bank, the Poor Family Infirmary, Duck Run Cable Suspension Bridge, Stouts Mill Bridge, the Glenville Times Bridge and the Ruddell General Store. Also of interest are the Arbuckle House (now known as the GSC Alumni Center) and a historic early settlement cemetery for Civil War and at least one War of 1812 dead.

Sand Fork is served by the Sand Fork Elementary School. Nearby colleges and universities include Fairmont State College, West Virginia University at Parkersburg, West Virginia State College, West Virginia University, West Liberty State College, Hocking Technical College and Ohio University.

Nearby hospitals and medical centers include Braxton County Memorial Hospital, Stonewall Jackson Memorial Hospital and William R. Sharpe Hospital at Weston.

Gilmer County offers many outstanding recreational facilities including the Cedar Creek State Park Campgrounds, and many trails like Fisherman's Trail, Grassy Ridge Trail, Stone Trough Trail, Nightingale Trail, Park View Trail, Two Run Trail and the North Boundary Trail. The county also operates a 200-acre center that hosts campers, golfers and swimmers. Cedar Creek State Park is a 2,400-acre complex, which offers excellent camping along a meandering brook. The water recreation area provides fishing and paddle boating for year-round enjoyment. Hiking and bicycling are also favorite activities for our visitors. Gilmer County is approximately 45 minutes from 3 recreational lakes that offer boating, swimming, hiking, camping, fishing and picnic areas.

The next time you're in the area, drop by our United Country office and let us show you some of the many real estate opportunities we have to offer. No one knows rural estate like we do, and we can help you find your freedom in the country!

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Each office independently owned and operated. The Information provided herein is deemed accurate, but subject to errors, omissions, price changes, prior sale or withdrawal. United Country does not guarantee or is anyway responsible for the accuracy or completeness of information, and provides said information without warranties of any kind. Please verify all facts.